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On July 31 st , the infantry regiment occupied his area with outposts on the line Cernay Sennheim — Dannemarie Dammerkirch — Swiss Border. The regiments of cavalry and mounted riflemen reinforced the customs officials and patrolled in the border area. Around Belfort, the French 7 th Army corps under General Bonneau consisting of the 14 th and 41 st infantry division, reinforced by the 8 th cavalry division, was part of the 1 st French Army of General Dubail with headquarters at Epinal.

The 2 nd and 4 th cavalry brigades were sent on August 5 th , to the critical Ajoie region around Porrentruy. The German Empire remitted the declaration of war to France on August 3 rd and invaded Belgium one day later. Various engagements and a serious fight at Altkirch on the Ill river reduced the speed of the French advance against the withdrawing Germans, so that the town of Mulhouse was only occupied in the evening of August 8 th. Heavy fighting on a line between Cernay Sennheim and Rixheim lasted all day. In the night, General Bonneau ordered the retreat of his troupes to the line Thann — Schweighouse - Illfurth.

On the 10 th , the Germans attacked with success on that line, especially in the middle, so that the 7 th French Army Corps continued to retire in the direction of Belfort. The Germans followed them with cavalry, artillery and infantry on horse-tracked vehicles and had many skirmishes. A fight around Montreux-Jeune Jung-Muensterol east of Belfort opposed the th French reserve brigade and the 2 nd grenadier regiment Nr.

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The XV Army corps was also ordered back to Strasbourg. These troupes were replaced by a group of 5 reserve brigades under the command of General Gaede, consisting of 21 infantry battalions, 5 cavalry squadrons and 10 batteries of artillery. The French High Command was dissatisfied with the loss of Mulhouse and created already on August 10 th a new army under the command of General Pau. The orders for this new 7 th Army remained the same as for the first attack: protect the right flank of the 1 st Army in Lorraine by a new attack on Mulhouse, Colmar and Strasbourg, throwing back the German troupes to eastern side of the Rhine river.

For General Pau , whose troupes were back at a frontline between Masevaux and Montreux — at the old border of — a difficult task. However, on August 14 th , the Germans took urgently back their troupes — as mentioned above — and General Pau decided to follow them immediately, progressing between the Col de la Schlucht and the Swiss border. The general advance was slow and the French troupes reached only on the 18 th the line Seppois — Dannemarie — Reiningue — Soppe Sulzbach and Munster in the Fecht valley.

For August 19 th , General Pau planned to attack in the south the city of Mulhouse and in the north the city of Colmar at the exit of Fecht valley.

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For General Gaede , the main task with his 5 reserve brigades was to keep the bridges over the Rhine river. Only cavalry and cyclists patrolled in the area of Mulhouse and the Vosges mountains. A single detachment kept the valley of the Fecht river near Munster W of Colmar. On August 19 th , the Germans 6 th and 7 th armies in Lorraine stopped their fake retreat and started on the 20 th a counter attack on Sarrebourg and Morhange against the French armies of Dubail and Castelnau.

On the line Mulhouse — Altkirch, the troupes clashed together in very heavy fights. General Gaede lost men and 24 cannons on that day. West of Colmar the French reached the village of Trois Epis on the 19 th and a day later Turckheim at the exit of the Fecht valley. General Joffre decided that the 7 th Army had to give up the Alsatian plain and to go back to the Vosges mountain chain — however, without the 7 th Army Corps and the 63 rd infantry division who should form the core of a new 6 th French Army near Paris.

On August 24 th , the 7 th Army left the area of Mulhouse and withdrew to the borderlines of ! Already on August 7 th , during the 1 st attack on Mulhouse, about men infantry and cavalry had attacked with success the German troupes at Pfetterhouse next to the Swiss border. The French were able to keep that position in spite of the two following retreats so that it formed the cornerstone of the final frontlines.

After the French retreat from Mulhouse on August 24 th , , the troupes of General Gaede followed up to Dornach, just west of Mulhouse — and then pushed the lines in September forward to Altkirch — Bisel — Mooslargue. During that period, patrols had many skirmishes and a serious fight on Sept. The above map of illustration 7 shows clearly how easy that would have been for both adversaries. Therefore: 6 checkpoints along the border, 3 blockhouses in the Largue forest and at the Larghof-farm plus 2 observation towers were established.

Today, only few traces can be found of these positions, as the following pictures, taken in September or more than 80 years later show:. The blockhouse for 2 machine guns covered the road from the Largue Bridge to Pfetterhouse and is well conserved. There are rests of trenches around the blockhouse. A shelter and a machine-gun position can be found just next to it.

Swiss map coordinates: ca. Swiss infantry guarded the borders and manned the strong points in the rear, while cavalry supervised the Ajoie region between Delle France and the line St.

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For the permanent observation of the areas near the border, a number of observation posts was established by the Swiss army — also on mountains of the Jura chain. Field artillery positions to cover the area were established on Mount Terri and Col des Rangiers — the southern end of the Ajoie region. Guard and patrol activities, skirmishes, artillery duels changed with construction work on trenches, shelters, roads and the daily fight for survival.

Manuscript: Sept. Wo aber verlief die Front zwischen diesem markanten Vogesenberg und der Schweizer Grenze? Dies aufzuzeigen, war eine der Hauptzielsetzungen der von Oswald Schwitter hervorragend geleiteten Exkursion in den Pruntruter Zipfel und den Sundgau.

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Referent Oswald Schwitter vor dem franz. Bunker "Villa Agathe". Dieser einsam gelegene Bauernhof liegt in einem rechteckig vorspringenden Grenzzipfel. Parallel dazu verliefen die alliierten Linien, nur getrennt durch das Niemandsland, dessen Breite von 50 bis zu m variierte. Die Schweizer Kantonswappen am prachtvoll renovierten Rathaus erinnern daran, dass diese Stadt bis zum Jahre ein zugewandter Ort der Eidgenossenschaft gewesen war. Bei Ammerzwiller bohrten die Deutschen einen Stollen unter das feindliche Grabensystem, das sie am Juli mit mehreren Zentnern Sprengstoff in die Luft sprengen wollten.

Da jedoch der Stollen etwas zu kurz geraten war, schlug der Angriff des dort eingesetzten Rekrutenbataillons fehl. Hier kann der Frontverlauf noch sehr gut nachvollzogen werden. Der "Bismarck-Bunker" im Hirtzbacher Wald. Die Kanone feuerte vom Februar - Oktober insgesamt 41 Schuss gegen Belfort und wurde ihrerseits von den Franzosen mit drei 15,5 cm Batterien beschossen.

Davon sind noch heute diverse Granattrichter deutlich zu erkennen.

Hans R. Der Rundweg von ca. Marschdauer: ca. Informationstafel Nr.


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Summary: An other bunker trail has been opened in Alsatia between Illfurth and Heidwiller. At the starting point of Burnkirch [1] you will find the above map — with a German blockhouse just behind it. All is well marked and the are explanation tables at all points listed. Report Nr. Alexander Kallis und andere bei:. Da das Buch beim Einzug der Amerikaner nach dem 2. In diesem Buch, das die Verlagsanstalt Felix Post, Gladbeck in Westfalen, gedruckt hat, liegt auch eine handschriftliche Berichtigung einer Schlacht an der Westfront bei.

Meine Frage ist nun, ob Sie Interesse an diesem Buch haben? Beginn des Berichtes von Ernst Haufe. August — 3. Dort wurde Weihnachten verbracht.


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